The medical importance of microsporidial infections has only recently been highlighted by the frequent recognition of these obligate intracellular parasites in material from patients with HIV infection and AIDS. Examples are: Encephalitozoon species, Nosema species and Septata intestinalis. Multi-organ infections occur and S. intestinalis is found in about 2% of all AIDS patients with chronic diarrhea.
Source: University of Leicester
References: Baker, J.R. and Muller, R (Eds). Advances in Parasitology. Academic Press, London. Knight, R. (1982). Parasites Diseases in Man. Churchill Livingstone, London. Peters, W. and Gilles, H.M. (1995) Colour Atlas of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. Mosby-Wolfe.